PICTURING NATURE: AMERICAN NINETEENTH-CENTURY ZOOLOGICAL ILLUSTRATION by Ann Shelby Blum
Princeton University Press, 1993 First edition, 403pp., 9" X 11 1/4" Hardcover
The panorama of American animal study, from the natural history of Alexander Wilson and John James Audubon through the development of professional zoology and its large institutions, provides the backdrop for Ann Blum's study of illustration styles. Over the course of the nineteenth century, the move from field natural history to museum and laboratory study together with changes in printing technology helped bring about a dramatic shift from realism to schematization in published zoological illustration. Blum notes, however, that the early emphasis on depicting the living animal in nature had a persistent influence on American zoologists and their pictorial representation of animals.